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Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Brassavola Nodosa
Brassavola Nodosa - Used in Fresh 4 (Women) for Team building Perfume workshop
Lady of the Night is the common name of Brassavola Nodosa. The white to pale green flowers are usually about 3½ inches in diameter (but some may be up to 6 inches), and wonderfully fragrant in the evening.
B. nodosa is a very easy orchid to grow, adapting to a wide range of conditions in cultivation. A large specimen plant may have dozens of flowers, making quite a display; but even a single flower spike is quite rewarding.
There is a very very high chance that your have come across these beautiful Orchids growing on trees across town. Cineole Medicinal is primarily responsible for the fragrance, which to some is like citronellol+rose.
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
Chinese name: Baiji (white mucilaginous root, white chicken), Gangen (sweet root), Baigen (white root), Baijiertou (white hen’s head/ top), Shantianji (mountain frog) Lian Ji Cao. Bak-kup in Hong Kong, Taiwanese (Hokien) dialect: Peh kiu (white ginger)
Japanese: Shiran (purple orchid, Japanese Urn Orchid)
Korean name: Jaran
Vietnamese names: Bach cap; Hua lan tia
It is distributed in China, Korea and Japan. To meet demand, it is also commercially grown in Guizhou, Yunnan, Jiangxi and Guangxi. Guizhou produces the largest quantity of top-quality Baiji.
Its taste is stated as bitter, sweet and acerbic. According to TCM its nature is slightly cold, hence it beneﬁts the lungs, liver and stomach meridians. According to TCM, the tubers need to be cut into thin slices or crushed into a ﬁne powder after cleaning and drying. This when chewed become gluey.
The cut surface is brittle, translucent-white and somewhat sticky with faint odour. The powder is different and is slightly yellowish, odourless and bitter. This powder when mixed with water it turns gluey hence it should be stored in air-tight containers.
Tubers are used in the treatment of swelling and haemorrhage. It reduces swelling and promotes regeneration of muscle and other tissues. It is given to patients with tuberculosis that cough up blood due to bleeding in bronchiectasis. It also helps with gastric bleeds, bleeding from trauma or burns, bleeding pustules, bleeding ulcers, ﬁssure-in-ano and skin ﬁssures of extremities caused by exposure to cold. They are used to treat sores, scaling and chapped skin.
In Vietnam, it is made into an emollient for burns.
Five antimicrobial agents consisting of 3 bibenzyls & 2 dihydrophenanthrenes were found in this orchid. Bibenzyls Are:
Scientists have isolated antihelminthic substance from the tubers of B. striata growing on Gangweondo (Korean peninsula), which workks against Clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis is a disease caused by eating raw freshwater ﬁsh or snails that carry the encysted cercaria of the liver ﬂuke. Clonorchiasis leads to cholecystitis (infection of the gall blad- der), bilary adenomatous hyperplasia, bile duct obstruction, cholangioﬁbrosis, cirrhosis of the liver and an increased risk of cholangiocarcinoma
A novel gene carrier has been developed from bioactive glucomannan, a polysaccharide isolated from B. striata (BSP). In the experiment, they successfully inhibited the expression of TNF-alpha. Scientists expect cBSP to be capable of conveying antisense nucleotides (e.g. oligodeoxynucleotide and small inter- ference RNA) for anti-inﬂammatory therapy.
Conjugated B. striata polysaccharide is a promising avenue for the delivery of cytotoxic agents to tumours.
It is also used as an embolization agent to treat unresectable liver tumours.
Bulbophyllum laxiflorum Syn. Bulbophyllum radiatum
Chinese names: Fusheshidou Lan (radiating stone bean orchid); Yashe Lan (Duck tongue orchid)
Chinese medicinal names: Shizao (Stone date); Shiduo (stone bean); Yanduo (stone bean); Jinduo (golden date); Shimi (Stone rice); Duyiyanzhu (Single leaf cliff pearl)
Found in southeastern China, Myanmar, Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia.
B. laxiﬂorum is believed to enrich the Yin and beneﬁt lungs by clearing phlegm and stopping haemoptysis. It also helps stomach by improving appetite, helping digestion and relieving dry throat.
Chinese names: Mihuashidou Lan (small ﬂow- ered stone bean orchid), Xiaohaoshi Ganlan (small stone olive), Shimi (stone rice); Mitoushidou Lan (dense head stone bean orchid)
Medicinal name: Guoshangye (leaves on fruit); Xiaoguoshangye (small Guoshangye); Shicuanlian (rock string lotus)
Myanmar name: Thazin hmwe
Distributed China and Tibet, to Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar. In China, it ﬂowers from April to August; Myanmar, April to June; Bhutan, May to September; Nepal, April to August; and in Thailand, May to July. The flowers smell sweet and very nice.
Crepidium acuminatum (D. Don.) Szlach. Syn. Malaxis acuminata D. Don., Microstylis wallichii Lindl.
Indian names: Jeevak in Hindi, Jivak (Tamil), Jivakam (Malayalam), Jivakam (Tekugu, Jivakamu (Kannada), Jivaka (Sankrit): Lahsunia(vernacular name in Kumaun Himalaya)
Ayurvedic names: Jivak, Rishvak, Rishbhaka, Bandhura, Dhira, Durdhara, Gopati, Indraksa, Kakuda, Matrika, Visani, Vrisa, Vrisnabha
Pseudobulbs are used to treat bleeding disorders, fever, tuberculosis and a sensation of heat, emaci- ation, dysentery, rheumatism and insect bites. It is incorporated into the Ayervedic tonic “Chyavanprash”, a popular herbal preparation for promoting health and preventing illness . Jeevak or Jivak (C. acuminatum) features in the following formulations: Astavargha churna, Chyanprash rasayan, Chitrakadi taila, Vachadi taila, Mahakalyan ghrita, Mahamayura ghrita, Mahapadma taila, JIvaniya ghrita, Vajkaran ghrita, Brahini gutika and Himvana agada. Malaxis cylindrostachya (Lindl.) Kuntze and Malaxis mackinnoni (Duthie) Ames are some- times used when C. acuminatum is not available. Other substitutes are Pueraria tuberosa (Vidara kand), Centaurea behen (Safed behmen), Centaurium roxburghii (D. Don) Druce (or Lal behmen) and Tinospora cordifolia (Guruchi).
Other scent notes
Pitahaya dragon fruit, aromatic herbs, banana leaf, Fig leaf, Ginseng, Green Pepper, Marjoram, Camphor, Fennel, Hops