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Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Flickingeria Fimbriata
Flickingeria Fimbriata - Used in Fresh 3 (Women) for Team building Perfume workshop
This species has a watermelon scent and are found on open rocks and bluffs along streams and rivers in lowland evergreen and in medium elevation semi-deciduous forests. The large sized epiphyte with a long branching rhizome with freely branching stems giving rise to yellow, compressed pseudobulbs. They carry leaves that blooms in the spring, summer and fall on a single flowered inflorescence with sweetly scented, short-lived flower.
One of the toughest to manage but very rewarding. Sanskrit name for this orchid is Jivanti , which means ‘life’. It is used for many herbs which are considered to be powerful tonics possessing rejuvenating and life- prolonging properties.
Flickingeria ﬁmbriata (Dendrobium plicatile), which has over three dozen Indian names, including 32 in Sanskrit, is shipped by the truckload across borders because it is considered to be an aphrodisiac. It is shortlisted as one of the two possible candidates for the role of Sanjeevani, the magical Indian herb mentioned in the Ramayana that is capable of reviving the dying.
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
It is used as a remedy for dysentery, haemorrhoids and ague in Malaya region. It was also applied as a soothing medication over the abdomen of children with dyspepsia. It is commonly considered demulcent and is used in the diseases of a dyspeptic character. It is also used in treatment of burns, wounds and other skin diseases.
Bulbophyllum cariniflorum and Bulbophyllum densiﬂorum
Chinese name: Jianyeshiduo Lan
Indian name: Sumura
It is found in China northern Thailand, northeast India, Bhutan and Nepal. It grows in moist habitats, and between May and June, following the arrival of the monsoon rains.
A paste made from the dried roots, black pepper and cow’s milk is taken for several days to induce abortion during the ﬁrst trimester in the districts of Mondanala and Sutanguni in the Niyamgiri Hill Ranges of Orissa, India.
Habenaria davidii Franch. Syn. Habenaria leucopecten Schltr.
Chinese name: Changjuyufenghua (Long distance jade phoenix ﬂower)
Chinese medicinal name; Shuangshencao
It ﬂowers from June to August. This endemic species is found in forests, thickets, and grasslands in a crescent from Hubei, Yunnan and Guizhou to Sichuan, Yunnan and southern Xizang Yunnan and Tibet.
Herbal Usage: Roots are used in Chi- nese herbal medicine to reduce swelling and to protect the kidneys. The herb is used to treat hernia and ﬁrm swellings of the lymph nodes.
The fly orchid is a species of orchid and belongs to genus Ophrys. It is native to Europe and favors sites with alkaline soil. It resembles a fly and dependents on wasps and bees for pollination. Like most plants that depend of wasps to pollinate, they also use scent to attract them by releasing fragrance of female sexual pheromones. The wasps and bees pollinate them as they attempt to mate with the flower.
The scent released by the flowers mimic female sexual pheromones.
Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G. Don Vanda roxburghii R. Br.
Sri Lankan names: Anuradhapura Orchid, Grey Orchid, Rat-tha, Arattha, Rasni
Indian names: Naguli (Tamil), Banki (Orissa), Nai (Bengal), Bandanike (Canaarese), Banda, Nai, Perasara, Persara, Vanda, San, Alisara (Hindi), Atirasa, Bhujangakshi, Chhatraki, Dronagandhika, Elaparni, Gandhanakuli, Muktarasa, Nakuleshta, Nakuli, Palankapa, Rasadhya, Rasana, Rasya, Sarpagandha, Shreyasi, Suggandha, Sugandhimula, Surasa, Suvaha, Vandaka, Vriksharuha, Yuktarasa (Sanskrit), Darebanki (Santal), Chittiveduri, Kanapabadanika, Mardaru, Vadanika (Tel- ugu), Banda (Urdu), Knapachettu (Madras Presidency in 1933), Jarakindu, Japa (Madhya Pradesh), Ippa vajrnika (Gonds of Andra Pradesh), Vandekigidda (Karnataka), Maravazha (Kerala)
Indian medicinal names: Rasna in Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Bengal and Mumbai. However, Rasna refers more commonly to Pluchea lanceolata which is not an orchid. Rasha (Unani)
Nepalese names: Parajiva, Rasna
Arabic name: Kharkittan
Persian name: Zanjabeel-e-shami
Thai name: Ueang sam poi India (in Chiang Mai), Ueang suea lek (in Bangkok)
It is a robust, lowland, epiphytic orchid. It occurs in Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, and Myanmar close to human habitation. It has a wide tolerance for sunlight, (27–93 % sunlight), high temperatures (26–31 oC) and low relative humidity (31–44 %).
Phytochemistry: It contains alkaloids, tannins, resin, saponin, beta and gamma sitosterols, fatty oil and colouring agents. An extract of the entire plant produced an anti-acetylcholine and anti-arthritic effect on rats. It contains two anti-inﬂammatory compounds, hepcosame (C27 H56) and octacosonol (C28 H58 O). Tessallatin, a phenanthropyran, was isolated from V. tessallata.
Herbal Usage: This orchid medication is mentioned by ancient Sanskrit writers under the names Rasna (or Raasnaa- the ancient “anti-ageing” tonic and Gandhanakul) which are said to be bitter, aromatic and useful for rheumatism.
Rasna was used to treat nervous disorders, rheu- matism and scorpion stings. It was a popular prescription for rheumatism. A liquid extract or syrup prepared from the orchid was used to treat dyspeptic conditions, bronchial affections and rheumatic fever in India. Ear drops are prepared from the roots. The whole plant is used to treat fractures, and roots as a female contraceptive. Leaves are thought to be capable of preventing wounds from developing into purulent sores. Leaves are also used to treat tearing and earache, the latter either by itself or in combination with the aerial roots and neem oil. It was used by herbalists to treat secondary syphilis and for snake and scorpion bites.
The Dongria Kandha tribe of the Niyamgiri Hills of southwest Orissa uses a decoction of the root in honey for the treatment of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases.
Fragrant Orchid: strong ﬂoral scent of V. tessellata is because of linalool (23 %), methyl benzoate (61.5 %), cinnamic aldehyde (%.1 %) and methyl cinnamate (4.6 %). It has lot of traces molecules, such as benzyl acetate, alpha-ionone, 3-phenylpropanal, p-cresol and indole. Fragrance of V. tessellata is transmitted to its F1 and F2 progeny in hybrids made with other species of Vanda. Roots of V. tessellata are also fragrant.
Other scent notes
Fresh ozone accord, Toscanol, Celery, Aloe Vera, Fern, Rhubarb, Water, Patchouli, Spruce, Peppermint