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Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Cymbidium Finlaysonianum
Cymbidium Finlaysonianum - Used in Fresh 2 (Women) for Team building Perfume workshop
This is found on so many trees, in so many lanes in Singapore. Nparks state's its habitat as "Widespread species that grows on large trees or rocks in well-lit and open areas, and can be found inland forest, coastal forest/cliff." and they have used it in "Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Skyrise / Balcony, Hanging Basket"
Blossoms are long lasting and fragrant. Some people pick up a dash of coconut smell.
Traditional Malaysian medicine man have used it to remove bewitchment. At that time, malevolent spirits were believed to caused several sickness.
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
Coelogyne barbata Lindl. ex Griff.
Chinease name: Xuchunbeimu Lan (beard and lip pearl shell orchid), Ranmaobeimu Lan
Chinese medicinal name: Fengian
1- Decoction, use 15–30 g of plant. It is used for cough (lung heat), sore throats, Pain associated with hernia or scrotal swelling.
2- For external use: an appropriate amount, pulverise and apply. The paste is used on Bruises and Sprains, Chapped hands and feet.
Cremastra appendiculata (D. Don) Makino Syn. Crematra variabilis (Blume) Nakai; Cym- bidium wallichiana Lindl.
Chinese name: Mabian Lan (horse whip orchid), Dujuan Lan (Azalea orchid); Shancigu (kind mountain lady), Maocigu (kind furry lady), Sandangu (three layer hoop)
Japanese: Sai-hai ran (purple orchid standard),
Korean: Sanjago, Yaknancho
Medicinal names: The Chinese Shancigu also refers to Pleione bulbocoides. It is Sanjiko in Japanese, and Sanjago in Korean. Their similarity denotes an ancient common origin.
Phytochemistry: It has 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(3-hydroxy- 4-methioxybenzyl)-6-methoxychroman-4-one is the homoisoﬂavanone that inhibits basic ﬁbroblast growth factor. It also inhibits inﬂammatory and allergic response in mast cells, and ultraviolet beam-induced skin inﬂammation by reducing cyclooxidagenase-2-expression and NF-kappa B nuclear localization. Tyrosine is the enzyme that promotes melanin formation, darkening of skin and UV protection.
Scientists isolated several compounds , some of which can be used in cancer treatment.
Herbal Usage: It was ﬁrst listed as a medicinal herb in Chen Can Qi’s Ben Cao Shi Yi (Omissions from the Medica Medica) compiled around 720 AD, during the Tang Dynasty. Stem was used to treat impotence, tuberculosis, fever, frostbite, snake bites and poisoning in general. It was also used to treat abscesses and swellings. Paste made with the pseudobulb was spread over a boil to heal it. In Japan, the Ainu chew on a pseudobulb of
C. appendiculata to relieve a toothache. They also use it to treat snake bites and insect bites
Cymbidium goeringii (Rchb. f) Rchb. f.
Local names: Chun Lan (spring orchid), Riben Chun Lan (Japanese spring orchid), Diaolanhua (hanging orchid ﬂowers); Cao Lan(grass orchid); Shan Lan (mountain orchid); Shuangfeiyan (twin ﬂying sparrow)
Japanese: Hokuro (black seeds/age spots); Jiji- baba (grandpa and grandma)
C. goeringii is admired for its faint ﬂoral fragrance. This is constituted by a blend of methyl-cis(z)-dehydrojasmonate, (E) neroldol, 1,2,4-trimethoxybenzene, 1,2,3,5-tetramethox- ybenzene and other jasmonates .
It is widely distributed throughout most of China, Bhutan, India, Korea and Japan. ﬂowers from January to March and prefers stony habitats, shrubby slopes or sparse forests.
Phytochemistry: Cymbidine A, a monomeric peptidoglycan-related compound isolated from
C. goeringii, possesses diuretic and hypotensive activities. Gigantol isolated from whole plants exhibits inhibitory effects of LPS-induced nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in macrophages. It is a potent inhibitor of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interleukin-6(IL-6) release, and it inﬂuences mRNA expression of these cytokines in a dose- dependent manner. These effects are produced through its ability to block nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation.
Herbal Usage: According to TCM, roots improve blood ﬂow, cool the blood and detox- ify. The herb is used to treat traumatic injuries, bleeding from such injuries, and fractures, clear heat in the lungs, and relieve coughs and sore throat, stop the production of blood streaked phlegm, and treat haematuria and rabies. The entire plant is used to treat fever, large round worm infestation (ascariasis), abdominal colic associated with worm infestation, poor health, weak kidneys, dizziness, backache, sweating and piles.
Cypripedium cordigerum D. Don
Chinese name: Baichunshao Lan
Nepali Name: Jibri
Cypripedium cordigerum occurs in grassland, meadows and pine forests in central and western Nepal, southern Tibet, Bhutan, Kashmir and Pakistan.
Herbal Usage: Roots are used as a tonic in Nepal. Young leaves of Cypripedium cordigerum D. Don are cooked and eaten as a vegetable .
Nervilia crociformis (Zoll. and Mor.) Seidenf.
Chinese name: Baimaiyu Lan
Thai name: Bua sandot (Note: this name is also used for N. aragoana Gaud.)
It is found in the tropical and subtropical Old World, in Australia and the Paciﬁc in grasslands.
Herbal Usage: Pseudobulbs are used to treat ‘faintness’ in Thailand.
Other scent notes
Refreshing cucumber, Sea salt, aldehydes, Artemesia, Mint, Black pepper, Palm Leaft, Spearmint