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Contains Scented Notes of following in various proportions:
Please note that we may change our oils from time to time
Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Rhyncattleanthe
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris Syn. Bulbophyllum lepidum (Blume) J.J. Sm., Cirrhopetalum lepidum (Blume) Schltr.
Thai names: Phet phra in, Sa mai, Khon dam phi
Widely distributed in Southeast Asia but not further east than Borneo. The olive-green ﬂowers are found throughout the year with a peak during the rainy seasons which are determined by monsoons. In Thailand, the pseudobulb is widely used to treat oedema whereas the entire plant is used to treat liver dysfunction.
Anacamptis morio ssp. picta
Tubers are harvested in Iran for use as salep, a health drink and also considered to be super food. In Europe, Anacamptis species are protected.
Although untrue, it was once believed that salep contained the greatest amount of nourishment in the smallest bulk. To protect against famine at sea, it was proposed that salep should constitute part of a ship’s provision at all times.
Orchid tubers (not salep) are fed to weak children cut off from other supplies .
Arundina graminifolia - It was one of 3 orchid that reappear in Krakatoa after the massive volcanic eruption in 1883 .
Common name: Bamboo Orchid
Chinese names: Zhuye Lan (bamboo leaf orchid);
Changgan Lan (long stem orchid) Shiyu Lan (jade stone orchid); Hu Lian (lake lotus); Caojiang (ginger grass); Dayeliaodiaozhu (big leaf bamboo); in Taiwan: bird orchid
Indonesian name: Anggerik Bamb; in Sundanese: Handjuwang Sapu
Malaysian name: Phanyar among the aboriginal Jakuns of Johor
Myanmar name: Wah thitkhw Thai name: Ueang Pai Vietnamese name: Lan say
It ﬂowers throughout the year in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. In Thailand, the ﬂowering season extends from August to March, but in the Kachin and Shan states of adjacent Myanmar, the ﬂowering season is reversed, March to July.
The herb is bitter, neutral, anti-inﬂammatory and diuretic. It is also thought to have antibacterial properties.
In India the bulbous stem- scrapings are used to heal cracks on the skin. In Hong Kong the whole plant or pseudobulb is used both- fresh or sun-dried. The orchid is used for a variety of conditions ranging from hepatitis and jaundice to urinary tract infections, oedema, rheumatic pain, trauma and snake bites. In China (particularly in Yunnan & Guangxi), a decoction prepared by boiling 9–15 g of the whole plant is used for pain relief, the treatment of bruises, oedema, abdominal pain, intestinal parasitic infestation, jaundice, pulmonary tuberculosis, mental illness, rheumatism and bleeding from knife wounds. What makes it medicinal-
· It contains numerous stilbenoids, namely arundin and its analogues:
· arundinin, isoarudinin-I, isoarundinin II;
· lusianthridin, ﬂavanthrin; ﬂavidin;
· and batatasin III.
· Arundinol (a triterpenoid) and p- hydroxybenzyldehyde are also present. Some of these have not been found in other Orchids.
· It also has benzyldihydrophe- nanthrene.
· It also has arundinaol (7-hydroxy-1-( p-hydroxybenzyl)-2,4-dimethoxy- 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene).
5 phenanthrene were also isolated. Their properties are still under research :
· orchinol or 7-hydroxy-2,4-dimethoxy-9,10- dihydrophenanthrene;
· 4,7-dihydroxy-2-methoxy- 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene;
· 2,7-dihydroxy-4- methoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene;
· 7-hydroxy- 2-methoxyphenanthrene-1,4-dione or densiﬂorol B;
· and 7-hydroxy-2-methoxy-9,10-dihydrophe- nanthrene-1,4-dione.
Important antitumour activity was exhibited by the ﬁrst three compounds, maxi- mal in compound 3 which possesses an open bibenzyl ring:
· 2,7-dihydroxy-1-( p-hydroxylbenzyl)-4- methoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene;
· 4,7-dihydro xy-1-)p-hydroxybenzyl)-2-methoxy-9,10-dihydro xyphenanthrene;
· 3,30-dihydroxy-5-methoxybiben zyl;
· (2E)-2-propenoic acid-3(4-hydroxy-3-metho xyphenyl)-tetracosyl ester;
· (2E)-2-propenoic acid-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) pentacosyl ester;
· pentadecyl acid.
4 known phenols were isolated from air-dried, powdered whole plant .
· 90-dehydroxy-vladinol F,
· vladinol F,
· 9-O-beta-D-xylopyranoside-vladinol F
· 4,9-dihydroxy-40,7-epoxy-809-dinor-8, 50-neolignan-70-oic acid (shows strong inhibition of tobacco mosaic virus )
Graminiphenols A to G were extracted. GraminiphenolsA and B show week but certain anti-viral activity. Graminiphenols B, D and E exhibited anti-HIV activity with therapeutic index above 100:1. Graminiphenol C4 and G possessed anti-TMV (tobacco mosaic virus) activity. Two of the alkylated deoxybenzoins and the three diphenylethylenes showed signiﬁcant cytotoxicity against human prostate cancer (PC3 cell line), human alveolar basal epithelial cell (A549 cell line) and human neuroblastoma (SHSYSY cell line)
Liparis rheedii Lindl.
Indian Name: Simil
It is a terrestrial herb with pseudobulbs close to one another.
The colour of the plant and its ﬂowers is dependent on the amount of light that it receives. Plants growing in the shade are deep purple whereas those growing in the light are a pure green. The species occurs in mountain forests from southern India, across Thailand, Indochina, Malaysia and Indonesia to New Guinea.
Herbal Usage: It is widely used as a tonic in Karnataka. It is one of the eight ingredients of the Ayurvedic drug known as Ashtavarga. The root is used by the hill tribes in Orissa to treat cholera.
About 250 g of root is decocted in a liter of water until the volume is reduced to 333 ml. After cooling, 5 ml of the decoction is mixed with 2 ml of honey and orally administered twice a day on an empty stomach for 15–21 days as a remedy for cholera.
Liparis stricklandiana Rchb. f.
Chinese names: Shanchunyangersuan (fan lip sheep ear garlic), Luhuayangersuan (green ﬂower sheep ear garlic)
It is an epiphytic species distributed from Hong Kong, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan) and Tibet, Vietnam, Sikkim, Bhutan and Nepal, at in forests on hill slopes.
Herbal Usage: Herb is used to treat sores, abscesses and ulcers.
Other scent notes
Pine, balsam, bergamot, white lily, lotus, earthy sandalwood, patchouli and violet