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Contains Scented Notes of:
Tanjong Tree - Sentosa's plants - Check details at Scentopia's scent library
Native Singaporean Orchid notes: Aerides Odorata
Aerides Odorata - Used in Oriental 5 (Men) for Team building Perfume workshop
They are closely related to Vanda orchids, and do have a similar growth habit and bear some morphological similarity with Vanda, except having waxy, fragrant flowers with a spur differently pointed than Vanda’s flowers. It is widespread through the Himalayas, Singapore, Assam, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Andaman Islands, Myanmar and almost all south-est asia.
Flowers fragrant, opening widely, 1.5-3 cm in diam., purple to almost white, often tipped and spotted purple, spur apex greenish yellow.
Nparks classifies their usage as - Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant (Flowers) and you have to smell to find out why!
Chinese name: Xianghuazhijia Lan (fragrant ﬂowered Zhijia orchid)
Indonesian names : Angkrek Lilin, Lau Bintang
Thai name: Ueang Kulaab Krapao Pid
Indian name: Hameri in Orissa
Fallen fruits of the plant are used to heal wounds in India. Juice extracted from the leaves is used to treat boils in the ear and nose. Vietnamese herbalists believe that, if seeds are sprinkled over the lesions, they help to heal boils and other skin disorders. It's also used to treat tuberculosis, cuts & wounds and as an oral medicine for painful swollen joints.
Therapeutic Orchid notes:
Chinese names: Dahuawuzhu Lan (big ﬂower no pillar orchid)
The entire plant is used in preparing medicine in various forms. It is used as cure for detoxiﬁcation, to reduce heavy swellings, in the treatment of trauma and snake bites, as an antidote for poisons and to treat haematemesis. This medicinal orchid is found in Fujian, Zhejiang, Hubei and Sichuan.
Anoectochilus koshunensis Hayata
Chinese name: Gaoxiong Jinxian Lan (Gaoxiong golden thread orchid)
Taiwanese name: Kaohsiung (jewel orchid).
Other common names: Hengchunjinxianlian (Hengchun golden thread lotus); Jinxian Lan (golden thread orchid). In Taiwanese (Hokien) dialect: Ko hiong kim soa lian; Heng chhun kim soa lian
The whole plant “cools the blood and smoothes the liver”. It is antipyretic and removes toxins. Commonly used to treat haemoptysis from tuberculosis, diabetes, bronchitis, nephritis, cystitis, convulsions and snake bites.
Kinsenoside and Five sterols, including a new one with a non-conventional side chain [26-methylstigmasta-5,22,25, (27)-trien-3 beta- ol], together with a megastigmane glucoside and 20-deoxyadenosine, was isolated from this Orchid.
Chinese name: Baiji (white mucilaginous root, white chicken), Gangen (sweet root), Baigen (white root), Baijiertou (white hen’s head/ top), Shantianji (mountain frog) Lian Ji Cao. Bak-kup in Hong Kong, Taiwanese (Hokien) dialect: Peh kiu (white ginger)
Japanese: Shiran (purple orchid, Japanese Urn Orchid)
Korean name: Jaran
Vietnamese names: Bach cap; Hua lan tia
It is distributed in China, Korea and Japan. To meet demand, it is also commercially grown in Guizhou, Yunnan, Jiangxi and Guangxi. Guizhou produces the largest quantity of top-quality Baiji.
Its taste is stated as bitter, sweet and acerbic. According to TCM its nature is slightly cold, hence it beneﬁts the lungs, liver and stomach meridians. According to TCM, the tubers need to be cut into thin slices or crushed into a ﬁne powder after cleaning and drying. This when chewed become gluey.
The cut surface is brittle, translucent-white and somewhat sticky with faint odour. The powder is different and is slightly yellowish, odourless and bitter. This powder when mixed with water it turns gluey hence it should be stored in air-tight containers.
Tubers are used in the treatment of swelling and haemorrhage. It reduces swelling and promotes regeneration of muscle and other tissues. It is given to patients with tuberculosis that cough up blood due to bleeding in bronchiectasis. It also helps with gastric bleeds, bleeding from trauma or burns, bleeding pustules, bleeding ulcers, ﬁssure-in-ano and skin ﬁssures of extremities caused by exposure to cold. They are used to treat sores, scaling and chapped skin.
In Vietnam, it is made into an emollient for burns.
Five antimicrobial agents consisting of 3 bibenzyls & 2 dihydrophenanthrenes were found in this orchid. Bibenzyls Are:
· 4,7-dihydroxy-1-p-hydroxybenzyl-2-methoxy- 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene,
· 3,30-dihydroxy- 2060-bis (p-hydroxybenzyl)-5-methoxybibenzyl
· 2,6-bis(p-hydroxybenzyl)-305-dimethoxy-3- hydroxybibenzyl.
The two dihydrophenanthrenes are:
· 3,30-dihydroxy-5-methoxy-2,506-tris (p-hydroxybenzyl) bibenzyl
· 4,7-dihydroxy-2- methoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene
4 active bacretialside compounds are:
· p-hydroxybenzoic acid
· protocatechuic acid
· cinnamic acid.
They predominantly active against Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, B. cereus var. mycoides, Nocardia gardneri and Staphylococcus aureus). They are weak, but certainly active against certain fungi (Candida albicans or thrush and Trichophyton mentagrophytes).
Scientists have isolated antihelminthic substance from the tubers of B. striata growing on Gangweondo (Korean peninsula), which workks against Clonorchiasis. Clonorchiasis is a disease caused by eating raw freshwater ﬁsh or snails that carry the encysted cercaria of the liver ﬂuke. Clonorchiasis leads to cholecystitis (infection of the gall blad- der), bilary adenomatous hyperplasia, bile duct obstruction, cholangioﬁbrosis, cirrhosis of the liver and an increased risk of cholangiocarcinoma
A novel gene carrier has been developed from bioactive glucomannan, a polysaccharide isolated from B. striata (BSP). In the experiment, they successfully inhibited the expression of TNF-alpha. Scientists expect cBSP to be capable of conveying antisense nucleotides (e.g. oligodeoxynucleotide and small inter- ference RNA) for anti-inﬂammatory therapy.
Conjugated B. striata polysaccharide is a promising avenue for the delivery of cytotoxic agents to tumours.
It is also used as an embolization agent to treat unresectable liver tumours.
Chinese name: Guangdongshidou Lan (Guangdong Province stone bean orchid)
A miniature Bulbophyllum that flowers from May to August. It thrives on rocks in forests of China, Hong Kong and Lantau Islands.
Pseudobulbs can be used fresh or steamed & powdered. The entire plant is used to treat coughs, reduce “heat”, clear “wind”, and convulsions in children. Taste is dry, bland and cold in nature. It releases heat, nourishe yin and relieves swelling. It is also used for rheumatism and arthritic pain, traumatic injuries and mastitis. For external use, pounded pseudobulbs are apply to affected parts. The Chinese Materia Medica advises that should be used with caution by people who have a “cold body”.
· densiﬂorol A
· plicatol B
· 3 dihydrodibenzoxepins: 7,8-dihydro-5-hydroxy-12,13- methylenedioxy- 11-methoxyldibenz[B,F]oxepin, ; 7,8-dihydro-3- hydroxy-12,13-methylenedioxy-11-methoxyldi- benz[B,F]oxepin, (1-3)
3 dihydro-benzoxepins have antitumor activities against HeLa and K562 human tumor cell lines. Dibenz [b,f]oxepin was found to be produced as a stress metabolite .
Syn. Cirrhopetalum maculosum. It is distributed in the western Himalayas and Thailand. Cirrhopetalanthrin, a dimeric phenanthrene derivative, has been isolated from the orchid. It is used as swarna jivanti in Ayurvedic preparations The roots of the orchid are said to promote longevity .
Calanthe tricarinata Lindl.
Chinese name: Sanlengxiaji Lan (triangular prism prawn spine orchid)
Chinese medicinal name: Jiuzilianhuancao (nine united sons ﬂowering herb) This name also refers to Calanthe discolor; Roulianhuan
Herbal Usage: It is found in Shanxi, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Guizhou and Xizang. Leaf paste is used to treat wounds and eczema in Nepal. In that country, leaves and pseudobulbs are valued as aphrodisiacs. In Uttarakhand, West Himalaya, roots and leaves are used to treat jaundice and typhoid.
In China, the root is used to stimulate blood circulation, relax muscles and joints, remove wind and stop bleeding. It is used in the treatment of stomachache, arthritis, lumbar muscle degeneration and traumatic injuries.
Other scent notes
Bergamot, Lavender, Geranium, Violets, mitti attar, leather and musk