Common Name: Weeping tea-tree
Leptospermum madidum, also known as Weeping tea-tree is a sub-tropical, monsoonal and an evergreen tree that is native to Australia thriving in regions along watercourses. The name 'Tea-tree' was derived from the early settlers of Australia custom of boiling leaves to make tea-substitute which was abounding in ascorbic acid and antioxidants. Singapore’s hot and humid tropical environment allowed these plants to flourish and are now part of Singapore’s wide collection of flora and fauna. These small trees are capable of growing up to a height of 4m and have pendulous branches with needle-like leaves and petit size white flowers. In Singapore, this tree can be said to have a Perennial life span.
Scent: The foliage of these trees releases a fresh aromatic scent when crushed due to the presence of an essential oil rich in monoterpenes which contains antioxidant phytochemicals that also found in citrus fruits and vegetables. Flower scent is unique and very comforting. Try it at perfume workshop!
Medicinal Benefits: Willow bark contains a chemical called salicin that is analogous to aspirin. Even during the time of Hippocrates, people chewed on the willow bark to relieve the pain and fever. In modern times, after proper treatment and dosing, it can be used to relieve pain, including headache, muscle pain, menstrual cramps and is claimed to even help to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis, gout, and a disease of the spine known as ankylosing spondylitis.
Common Name : Angsana
Biogeography: Angsana, one of the common names of Pterocarpus indicus, is a large and popular tropical shade tree that is typically cultivated in South East Asian countries including Singapore. This species was used as an 'instant tree' in Singapore during the 1960s due to its fast-growing nature and adeptness to root from large branch-cuttings. It can mature up to an estimated height of 35m, possessing a dome-shape crown with iconic brown disc-like shaped fruit pods with papery wings that are usually dispersed by wind or water. These fruits may require up to 4 to 6 months to mature. Angsana also produces inconspicuous yellow flows usually growing at the top of the crown. When flowering, the buds open in random and unpredictable order. As its bud is grown to full size, it waits for nature to trigger it to bloom. The bloomed flowers generally last only for 24 hours. After that, some days may pass before another lot of 'ready' buds open. The trigger factor to its blooming is unknown. Such unpredictability can produce a very picturesque scene at unexpected times.
Scent: Pterocarpus indicus flowers are sweet-scented and its timbre wood usually produces a pleasant rose, woody scent.
Medicinal Benefits: The red latex (milky fluid from the Angsana plants) was claimed to be a tumor remedy especially so for mouth cancer. Kino, gum from tropical trees such as Pterocarpus indicus, was also applied on the mouth by Malayans for mouth sores and Javanese uses its leaves to treat boils and ulcers. It was said to once been used together with opium for administration to treat diarrhea.
Common Name : Frangipani
Biogeography: Plumeria rubra, a tropical flowering plant species that can be often known by the name of Frangipani. It is native to the Caribbean, Central America, & Mexico. It usually is the size of a small tree that can grow up to 8m in height, possessing thick and smooth leaves. This species flowers usually grow in clusters, are very fragrant in scent and can have its flowers bloom all year round. Their colors can also differ with cultivar However, these attractive and seemingly harmless Frangipanis are also known to contain mild poison due to its milky sap which can be a potential irritant when in contact with the skin and eyes. The milk poison can be exuded from cutting any surface of the Frangipani tree and is harmful to both humans and animals.
Scent: Frangipani flowers are often very fragrant, and their scent typically smells stronger at night to attract pollination. Their scent can vary with cultivar. One frangipani can cover a subtle range of smells such as sweet, fruity, peachy, creamy, jasmine, and gardenia-like.
Medicinal Benefits: Frangipani essential oil is helpful for treating skin disorders due to its astringent properties which causes contraction of skin cells as well as body tissues which closes your skin pores and controls secretions and bleedings. In addition, frangipani essential oils also has anti-inflammatory properties which can help reduce muscle aches and back pain. It claims to also help in relieving headaches, stress and have a sedative effect with helps with sleeping. In India, the plant is used as a remedy for diarrhoea.